- Queen c.2613-2589 BC.
The wife of *Sneferu and mother of *Cheops, Hetepheres outlived her husband and was probably originally buried by her son in a tomb at Dahshur. In 1925 G. A.Reisner and the Harvard expedition were excavating the area to the front of the east side of the Great Pyramid at Giza when they uncovered the concealed entrance to a tomb-shaft which led to a second and secret tomb belonging to this queen.In about the fifteenth year of his reign, *Cheops, learning that his mother's original tomb had been plundered, ordered the removal of her surviving burial goods to a new tomb near his own pyramid. This was carried out with the utmost secrecy to avoid any further desecration, and the alabaster coffin, chipped by the thieves who had tried to remove the lid, was taken to the new tomb. The archaeologists found this to be empty, but the viscera from the queen's body remained, contained within a separate alabaster canopic chest which had been hidden in a niche in the wall. These viscera are of considerable importance because they indicate that mummification (in which the viscera were removed from the body through an abdominal incision) was already in practice for the royal family in the early Fourth Dynasty.Silver bracelets inlaid with stones representing butterflies, have survived from the queen's jewellery. She was also supplied with a carrying-chair, a gold-cased and inlaid bed and canopy, an armchair, pottery, linen and gold toilet objects. The furniture had collapsed but it has been carefully and skilfully restored and can now be seen in the Cairo Museum. Hetepheres' funerary goods are important because they provide an insight into the quality of design and the materials which were in use at that period.BIBL. Reisner, G.A. and Smith, W.S.A. History of the Giza Necropolis, Vol. 2: The Tomb of Hetepheres, the mother of Cheops. Cambridge, Mass. 1955.Biographical Dictionary of Ancient Egypt by Rosalie and Antony E. David* * *The name of several princesses and queens of Dynasty 4. The most important was Hetepheres I, the wife of Snefru and mother of Khufu. Her intact burial missing a body was recovered at Giza by George Reisner during an expedition from 1925–1927. Hetepheres II was the daughter of Khufu, wife of her brother Kawab, and mother of Meresankh III.Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier
Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. EdwART. 2011.
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Hetepheres — I. in Hieroglyphen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hetepheres I — Reina consorte de Egipto Entierro Tumba G7000X, Guiza Consorte Seneferu Casa Real Dinastía IV … Wikipedia Español
Hetepheres II — Reina consorte de Egipto Esfinge de Hetepheres II encontrada en el complejo funerario de Dyedefra en Abu Roash Entierro … Wikipedia Español
Hetepheres I. — Hetepheres I. in Hieroglyphen Name … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hetepheres II. — Statue der Hetepheres II. und der Meresanch III.; Museum of Fine Arts Hetepheres II. war eine Königin der altägyptischen 4. Dynastie. Sie war eine Tochter von Pharao Cheops, ihre Mutter ist unbekannt. Sie war mindestens zweimal verheiratet. Ihr… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hetepheres II — Queen Hetepheres II may have been one of the longest lived members of the royal family of the Fourth dynasty of Egypt. She is explicitly called a daughter of Khufu in contemporary records [Aidan Dodson Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of… … Wikipedia
Hetepheres — Queen Hetepheres I was the sister and wife of the Egyptian Pharaoh Snefru, and mother of Khufu, and is thought to have been the daughter of Huni. She may have died during the reign of Khufu. She was also the grandmother of Hetepheres II.Her… … Wikipedia
Hétephérès II — Hétep Hérès II Hétephérès II est la fille de Khéops. Elle épousa deux des fils de Khéops, frère ou demi frère : Kaouab Ier, puis le pharaon Djédefrê. Hétepehérès II est certainement l un des membres de la famille royale de la IVe dynastie… … Wikipédia en Français
Hetepheres — ▪ queen of Egypt ancient Egyptian (Egypt, ancient) queen, wife of the king Snefru, who bore the title “Daughter of God” and represented the direct royal blood line of the 4th dynasty (c. 2575–c. 2465 BCE). Snefru probably married her in the … Universalium
Hétephérès Ire — Hétep Hérès Ire Hétep Hérès Ire est la femme de Snéfrou avec lequel elle engendra Khéops. Son nom fut rendu célèbre par la découverte de sa tombe à l est de la grande pyramide de Khéops. La tombe comprenait, parmi les pièces les plus remarquables … Wikipédia en Français